On environment, the Federal Constitution of 1988 1, makes use: Article 228: ' ' All have right to the environment ecologically balanced, public easement of the people and essential to the healthy quality of life, imposing if to the Public Power the duty to defend it and to the collective to preserve it for the future gifts and geraes' '. The Constitution of the State of Rio De Janeiro, of 1989, makes use: Article 258: ' ' All have right to the ecologically healthful and balanced environment, public easement of the people and essential to the quality of life, imposing if to all, in special to the Public Power the duty to defend it, to watch over for its recovery and protection in benefit of the current generations and futuras' '. The primitive man was not capable to provoke disastrous disequilibria on the processes that affected the system of support in the biosfera, a time that any provoked alterations if gave in scale lesser, allowing to a bigger control and the stability of ecosystems. In this period of the history of the man this coexisted the nature in passive way, without many impacts, modifying its way of life from the possibilities offered for the nature, from the limits taxes for this. From the domain of the production techniques, of the development of the form of if relating with the work, the man extended its potentialities of domain on the nature and the knowledge of the nature was becoming the man each time more Sir of itself. Its power of transformation of the nature obviously grew. This new conception of world changed its relation with the nature, happened of this transformation negative effect. In synthesis, its power to modify the nature comes from its capacity of domain of new techniques of work and tools, its organization in society human beings and of the creation of institutions and finally its evolution of the technician-scientific knowledge.