Global environmental impact Most of the energy used in different countries comes from oil and natural gas. The marine pollution by oil is a problem that worries many years maritime countries, whether or not oil producers, and industrial enterprises linked to the exploitation and marketing of this product. Since then they have taken huge international technical and legal provisions to prevent or lessen the occurrence of these problems. Oil spills in the seas, rivers and lakes produce environmental pollution: damage to marine wildlife and birds, vegetation and water. In addition, damage to fisheries and recreational beaches. It has been discovered that despite the volatility of oil, its characteristics of persistence and toxicity continue to have fatal effects underwater.But are not the spills by tanker accidents or ships carrying oil, offshore or coastal proximity, the only cause of ocean pollution by hydrocarbons. The largest proportion of the pollution comes from industrial and motor oil, burnt oil reaches the oceans through rivers and streams. It is estimated that worldwide, 3,500 million liters of used oil intorivers and oceans come to 5,000 million liters of crude oil or its derivatives are poured. The gaseous waste products expelled from refineries cause the alteration, not only the atmosphere but also of water, soil, vegetation, birds and other animals. One of the most harmful gaseous pollutants is sulfur dioxide, damages the lungs and other parts of the respiratory system. It is an irritant to eyes and skin, and even will destroy the tooth enamel.Environmental impact to the environment: Impact of irreversibility caused by a logging company in plaster in El Cajon del Maipo, Chile, Route G-25, pre-Andes of Santiago de Chile. Other alternative energy sources is developed that generates many radioactive waste or radioactive contaminants, from nuclear reactions or radioactive mineral deposits in the plants where these are refined or processed minerals, and electricity generators work with radioactive material. Still no known method to eliminate this waste without risk to man. Another impact generated by the exploitation of energy resources is the noise, as noise produced by the industry, reduces the hearing and may affect the circulatory system, and still, when workers in these industries are already accustomed to the noise by listening as prolonged mental harm generates them.Mining and mineral processing often produce negative environmental impacts on air, soil, water, crops, flora and fauna and human health. Also can impact both positively and negatively, in several aspects of the local economy such as tourism, establishment of new populations, inflation, etc.. In the past, companies were not always required to remedy the impacts of these resources. As a result, much of the cleanup costs had to be subsidized by taxpayers and local citizens. This paper presents the costs are representative of many remediation activities. Often the most expensive item is the long-term water treatment. The use of environmental financial guarantees or insurance can ensure that the polluter-pays for most costs. Another issue to consider with respect to the environmental impact of energy production and consumption is the emission of greenhouse gases such as CO2, which are causing climate change.This is not only the emissions produced by burning during the consumption-for example by burning gasoline to use a car for the transportation of people and goods, but also the production of energy in power plants-in which generates electricity mainly from coal combustion. The increasingly widespread use of renewable energy alternatives is the best way to reduce this impact.