Oil pumping station pumping station – the nodal point of the pipeline, which operates for pumping refined petroleum products or petroleum products or crude oil. Oil pumping stations (LES) constructed by refineries, tank farms, oil fields and export pipeline. NPCs designed for pumping highly viscous liquids (for example, fuel oil, heavy oil, etc.) equipped with piston pumps and for low-viscosity liquids (such as: light oil, light oil, etc.) – mostly by centrifugal pumps. Conventional oil pumping station has a car and pump rooms, auxiliary pumping devices, etc. Since oil is a connecting branch piping from storage to the pumping station to the ultimate vendor, pipelines are composed of pipes of various diameters, paired with one another stop fittings, flanges, flanged plugs, flanged fasteners, etc. For details of pipelines, there are general requirements which are due to factors affecting the working conditions. There are a range of state standards governing manufacture and installation of safety requirements, materials and devices. Responsibility for the correct and safe operation of equipment and facilities, along with the head of npc npc are the chief engineer Pipeline Control engineers have the relevant services or departments and senior engineer.
In addition, the head of npc shall be responsible for managing the acquisition of equipping personnel with modern means of control and repair technical condition and operational and maintenance and operational staff. At nps refineries, tank farms and oil fields mainly operated pumps with operating pressures up to 30 atmospheres, and the oil pumping station equipped with a trunk pipeline pumping apparatus with a working pressure of 50 to 60 atmospheres. The pipeline is called kerosene, mazut line, benzinoprovodom, pipeline, depending on the type of transported oil products. On the pipeline of the main types of isolated primary npc, which is in the beginning, intermediate, oil pumping stations located along the pipeline at a distance determined hydraulic calculations, and the final pumping station with neftebazovymi snap-in to receive products from pipelines.