The psicossociais factors are evidenced by the way of thought, emotions, perceptions and behavior, on the biological factors are that genetic and the structural alterations. It generally has beginning in the adolescence or in the beginning of the adult age she reaches in equal porpoes men and women, however the men acometem more early, for return of the 20-25 years of age, and in the woman for return of the 25-30 years (FIGUEIREDO, VIANA and AXE 2009). The frequency of the schizophrenia in the population has ratio of 1 for each 100 people, appearing about 40 new cases for each 100,00 inhabitants per year.

In Brazil, they esteem about 1,6 million esquizofrnicos (GRANDSON 2010). The schizophrenia is characterized as psychological riot being divided in five areas which are perception, language, thought, affection (or emotions) and behavior (HUFFMAN, MARK VERNOY AND JUDITH VERNOY 2003). Percipient symptoms People with schizophrenia the exaggerated directions can as much being or gotten dull, being that the capacity of election of the processes that allow that the people concentrate themselves in any thing who want is harmed, and the sensorial stimulatons are distorted and confused (HUFFMAN, MARK VERNOY AND JUDITH VERNOY 2003). People with schizophrenia also can have pictures of hallucinations, perceiving things without she has one I stimulate external. These hallucinations can occur in any one of the directions (visual, tctil, olfativo), most common they are the auditory ones (to hear voices and sounds). In rare cases, people with schizophrenia can wound others in reply the internal experiences or voices that had heard (HUFFMAN, MARK VERNOY AND JUDITH VERNOY 2003). Riots of language and thought esquizofrnicas People, the words lose the meaning and the association usual, the logical one is harmed, and the thoughts are disorganized and bizarros.