In July of 1969 the United States had launched the Apolo-11 ship and this took the first men to place the feet in Moon (GRINTER, 2008; SPACEFACTS, 2010). In such a way, the Soviet Union, that initiates the Space Race with great advantages, was definitively defeated in this battle. 2. FOR BACKWARDS OF the SOVIET MASK the secret in science it steals the main element to it keeps that it healthful: the scientific public opinion. Peter Kapitza Even so the first years of the Space Race have been favorable to the Soviets, some reasons had led to a gradual degeneration of its space program, culminating with its defeat in the dispute for the conquest of the Moon.
Since the beginning the Soviet space program faced internal crises and problems. But as the character of the same it was to militate, practically all its failures were hidden even though of the proper Soviet people. But the successes were divulged. Exactly at the time of the successes of the Sputnik satellites, each successful Soviet launching happened under the weight of others three or four failed launchings. The United States had a lesser average of failures, but as its space program was public, the press in such a way took knowledge of its failures how much of the successes. It was the false impression of that only the North Americans had failures (WHITE, 2003). To illustrate this situation, it is enough to say that the death of the Soviet cosmonaut Valentin Bondarenko during treinos for a mission, in 1961, was kept in secret up to 1985, as well as the explosion of a rocket that killed technician sets of ten and scientists, between them marshal Mitrofan Nedelin, who before commanded the Soviet space program one year. It had, since the beginning, serious financial problems inside of the space program of the Soviet Union.