3 November 1957 the Soviet Union the world's first orbited the Earth spacecraft Sputnik-2 'with a living creature on board – a dog. White mongrel dog named Laika did not return back and died a few hours after launch from overheating. Monument to a height of 2 meters is a space rocket, rolling in the palm, which stands proudly Laika. The monument placed in the Institute of Military Medicine, where preparing a space experiment. In the world of animals: a frog with no lungs, seahorses in the Thames and lynx in Italy despite the fact that in recent years the population of some creatures are on the verge of extinction, sometimes the animal world presents us with a very pleasant surprises.
For example, last week, the scientists found on the island of Borneo, a rare type of frog that breathes perfectly dispensing altogether without light. All of its oxygen frog species Barbourula kalimantanensis get through the skin. Among frogs, this species was found for the first time, and indeed among the quadrupeds the absence of light – a rarity. Besides, this frog is very low metabolism. Also, biologists noted that Barbourula kalimantanensis have flattened body, which increases the area of skin. And yet the absence of light reduces the buoyancy of the frogs, which helps them stay in one spot near the bottom in a swift stream of water. Distinguished by Last week, scientists and Zoological Society of London, who discovered a rare species of sea horses in the mouth of the River Thames.